Feature Selection: Exploring Correlation with Labelled Instances

Kara Brummer
April 24, 2024

In the machine learning world, feature engineering stands as a cornerstone, determining the efficacy and robustness of predictive models. A very important aspect of this process is the selection of pertinent features that contribute significantly to the predictive power while mitigating noise and redundancy. Exploring correlations between features and labelled instances emerges as a pivotal strategy while attempting this.

Today, I want to delve into five potent methods for uncovering these correlations, each offering unique insights into the relationship between features and labels.

The 5 methods are:

1. Pearson Coefficient: Ideal for assessing the correlation between two numerical features, the Pearson coefficient yields a value ranging from -1 to 1. A value closer to -1 or 1 indicates a stronger correlation, while proximity to 0 suggests independence between features.

2. Chi-squared Test: Tailored for categorical features, the chi-squared test measures the dependence between variables. It evaluates whether there is a significant association between categorical variables in a contingency table, making it invaluable for feature selection in classification tasks.

3. Mutual Information: Drawing inspiration from information theory, mutual information quantifies the amount of information gained about one variable through the observation of another. Particularly adept at handling categorical features, this metric aids in discerning the relevance of each feature to the target variable.

4. T-test/ANOVA: Suited for scenarios involving multi-category numerical features, the T-test (for two groups) or ANOVA (for more than two groups) assesses whether the means of different groups are significantly different. This method is instrumental in identifying features that exhibit variations across different classes.

5. Principal Component Analysis (PCA): While not explicitly a feature selection technique, PCA enables dimensionality reduction by transforming correlated variables into a set of linearly uncorrelated components. By retaining components with the highest variance, PCA facilitates the extraction of essential features while discarding redundant information.

Incorporating these methods into the feature engineering pipeline empowers us as data scientists and machine learning practitioners to make informed decisions regarding feature selection. By elucidating the correlations between features and labelled instances, these tools pave the way for more accurate and interpretable predictive models.

As the landscape of machine learning continues to evolve, leveraging these techniques for exploring feature-label correlations promises to enhance the efficiency and effectiveness of predictive modelling across diverse domains.

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Leave a reply

Thank you! Your submission has been received!
Oops! Something went wrong while submitting the form.

Get ready for the future.

Need more?

Do you have an idea buzzing in your head? A dream that needs a launchpad? Or maybe you're curious about how Calybre can help build your future, your business, or your impact. Whatever your reason, we're excited to hear from you!

Reach out today - let's start a coversation and uncover the possibilities.